Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders in which the blood glucose levels elevated over a period of time. Symptoms include frequent urination, excessive thirst and increased hunger. If not treated, it may cause many complications like Diabetic ketoacidosis, Diabetic Nephropathy, Diabetic Retinopathy, Diabetic Foot, non healing wounds, Diabetic Neuropathy, Coronary artery disease etc. There are two main types of Diabetes Mellitus.
A) Type 1 DM also known as Insulin Dependant Diabetes Mellitus results from failure of pancreas to produce enough insulin due to loss of Beta cells. Its cause is unknown.
B) Type 2 DM also known as Non Insulin Dependant Diabetes Mellitus or Adult onset diabetes results from insulin resistance i.e. a condition where cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the condition progresses, lack of insulin may also develop. Obesity, improper lifestyle, lack of exercise and its chief causes.
In Ayurveda, 20 types of Prameha are described in detail. They occurs due to imbalance of Tridoshas and multiple Dhatus along with Dhatvagnimaandya, Dhatu Shaithilya and increase in Dravatva. Majority types of Prameha are curable. But inappropriate management may lead to Madhumeha which is incurable.